Directions (Q. 1 - 5): Solve the following questions -

1. What Is an ECO- MARK?

(a) A scheme for labelling Environment Friendly Consumer Product
(b) A Scheme for labelling pollution free industrial Unit
(c) A Cost-effective Production Technique
(d) An International Certification recognizing, Eco Friendly building

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2. Principle: A person is said to be of sound mind for the purpose of making a contract if, at the time when he makes it, he is capable of understanding it and of forming a rational judgment as to its effect upon his interests.

Facts: Mr. X who is usually of sound state of mind, but occasionally of unsound state of mind, enters into a contract with Mr. Y when he was of unsound state of mind. Mr. Y having come to know about this fact afterwards, wants to file a suit against Mr. X.

(a) Mr. X cannot enter into contract because he is of unsound state of mind when he entered into contract.

(b) Mr. X can enter into contract but the burden is on the other party to prove that he was of unsound state of mind at the time of contract.

(c) Mr. X can enter into contract but the burden is on Mr. X to prove that he was of sound state of mind at the time of contract.

(d) None of these

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3. Principle: Willful rash driving is an offense.

Facts: Mr. Tiwari was driving his car after drinking alcohol. Police books him for willful negligent driving. Is the act of the police lawful?

(a) No, because Mr. Tiwari was not driving rashly; he was drunk while driving.

(b) No, this is not a negligent act.

(c) Yes, because Mr. Tiwari was driving rashly.

(d) Yes, because the police has the power to arrest a person driving rashly.

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4. Principle: Ignorance of Fact is excused but ignorance of law is no excuse.

Fact: X was a passenger from Zurich to Manila in a Swiss Plane. When the plane landed at the Airport of Bombay on 28 Nov. 1962 it was found on searching that X carried 34 kg of Gold Bars on his person and that he had not declared it in the ‘Manifest for Transit’. On 26th Nov. 1962 the Government of India had issued a notification modifying its earlier exemption, making it mandatory now that the gold must be declared in the “Manifest” of the aircraft.

(a) X cannot be prosecuted because he had actually no knowledge about the new notification issued two days ago

(b) X cannot be prosecuted because ignorance of fact is excusable

(c) X can be prosecuted because ignorance of law is not excusable

(d) X’s liability would depend on the discretion of the court

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5. Principle: Any direct physical interference with goods in somebody’s possession without lawful justification is called trespass of goods.

Facts: Z purchased a car from a person who had no title to it and sent it to a garage for repair. X believing wrongly that the car was his, removed it from the garage.

(a) X cannot be held responsible for trespass of goods as he was under a wrong belief.

(b) X can be held responsible for trespass of goods

(c) X has not committed any wrong.

(d) None of the above.

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